Gout has caused much human suffering and has been studied intently by physicians, since the days of Hippocrates. Once known as "the disease of kings" and "the king of diseases", gout was recognized as one of the leading causes of painful, disabling, chronic arthritis. With advances in research, gout has been all but conquered. People who continue to suffer with gout often are found to be unknowledgeable about new and effective treatments.
Gout (also called metabolic arthritis) is a disease due to an inborn uric acid metabolism. In this condition sodium urate crystals are deposited on the articular cartilage of joints and in the particular tissue like tendons. This provokes an inflammatory reaction of these tissues. These deposits often increase in size and burst through the skin to form sinuses discharging a chalky white material.
Normally, the human bloodstream only carries small amounts of uric acid. However, if the blood has an elevated concentration of uric acid, uric acid crystals are deposited in the cartilage and tissue surrounding joints. Elevated blood levels of uric acid can also result in uric kidney stones.
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