The (manufacturer's) suggested retail price (MSRP or SRP), list price or recommended retail price (RRP) of a product is the price the manufacturer recommends that the retailer sell it for. This helps to standardize prices among locations. While some stores always sell at below the suggested retail price, others do so only when items are on sale or closeout.
Suggested pricing methods may conflict with competition theory, as it allows prices to be set higher than would otherwise be the case, potentially negatively impacting consumers. However, resale price maintenance goes further than this and is illegal in many regions.
Much of the time, stores charge less than the suggested retail price, depending upon the actual wholesale cost of each item, usually purchased in bulk from the manufacturer, or in smaller quantities through a distributor.
Suggested prices can also be manipulated to be unreasonably high, allowing retailers to use deceptive advertising by showing the excessive price and then their actual selling price, implying to customers that they are somehow getting a "discount" or a "great deal".
Related Topics: invoice vs msrp, what does msrp mean, msrp price retail